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Futsal Offensive Systems

Os sistemas ofensivos do Futsal


In this article you will learn about the offensive systems of Futsal. We will talk about the offensive systems 3×1, 2×2, 4×0 e 3×2 of Futsal.


The Futsal offensive tactic is the way how a Futsal team positions itself on the court with possession of the ball to create attacking moves.


The choice of the Offensive System for a Futsal team must based on the characteristics of the players that form the team. If you are a Futsal coach, do not try to impose a tactical scheme on your team without taking into account the characteristics of your players.

Before choosing your offensive system, answer the following questions:

  • Against which team are you playing?

  • What are the characteristics of the players on your team?

  • What is the physical condition of the players on your team?

Note! When the team is attacking the tactical organization is important, however, due to the great movement for the occupation of the space, there should not be a rigidity in the positioning of the players in the offensive movement.

Below we will make an analysis with the advantages and disadvantages of the main offensive systems of Futsal.

Futsal Offensive System 3×1 or Diamond

This is one of the most common systems in Futsal, it provides a balance between defense and attack. It has a player dedicated to the attack (the Pivot), while there is also a player dedicated to the defense (the defender). There are also two wingers, the right winger and the left winger that must support both defense and attack.

Futsal Offensive Systems: System 3x1

Advantages of the 3×1 System:

There is a specialized player on defense and specialized attack player;

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The team is more compact both to defend and to attack.

Disadvantages of the 3×1 System

If both wingers focus too much on the attack, will leave the defense very exposed and defender overloaded;

It can also overload the Pivot, if the wingers have offensive difficulties.

Futsal Offensive System 2×2 or Square

The tactical system of Futsal 2×2, also known as “Square”, basically divides the four players of a team in the two main areas of responsibility: defense and attack. It is a simple system that can help to develop good pairs of defenders and attackers.

Although two players are advised to be more advanced (in attack) and two to be further back (in defense), these roles will need to be very flexible, as attackers will need to help the defense and vice versa. In addition, most teams attack and defend with at least three players.

Futsal 2x2 System

Advantages of the 2×2 System in Futsal

  • Great system for beginners;
  • Gives balance between attack and defense;
  • Ensures that the defense and the attack have at least one player all the time.

Disadvantages of the 2×2 System in Futsal

  • Restricts players’ movement;
  • Can be defensively weak if defenders join the attack and attackers are unwilling to perform defensive functions;
  • If the team is poorly trained or does not communicate well on the court, there may be confusion between which attacker should support the defense and which defender should support the attack.

Futsal Offensive System 4×0

Futsal 4×0 tactical system is used by high level teams, like professional teams. The idea is to have all 4 players moving at once, promoting a move that allows many options for passes, space occupation and attack opportunities.

Futsal 4x0 System

Advantages of the 4×0 System in Futsal

  • Promotes a more dynamic movement of the team;
  • Always allow passes options;
  • Difficult for the opponent team to defend, due to great movement;
  • Physically can be exhausting the defending team;
  • The ball moves extremely fast;
  • Great option to maintain possession of the ball;
  • Facilitates the occupation of space;
  • Best way to get out of pressure;
  • Makes it difficult for opponent team to cover the whole field.

Disadvantages of the 4×0 System

  • Everyone on the court MUST understand the system otherwise it will not work;
  • Players must be extremely well conditioned physically;
  • If players focus too much on movement, the team is predictable and not offensive;
  • Players MUST be technically good;
  • Players MUST be agile.

Futsal Offensive System 3×2

The Futsal 3×2 tactical system happens when the goalkeeper leaves his area to participate in his team’s attacking moves. Usually the goalkeeper is replaced by a regular player, to make his system more efficient offensively. With this formation the players do not change their position very often. They try to tire the defenders, passing the ball quickly in all corners of the court.

Futsal 3x2 System

DETAIL: In the image above the Goalkeeper (in yellow) is positioned on the attacking court, this is because the Futsal Rule restricts the goalkeeper’s possession of the ball on the defense court, he cannot receive the ball more than once and cannot stay with it for more than 4 seconds (being in the backcourt).

“In this formation it is important that the players have a lot of precision in the passes and expect a very clear opportunity to kick the ball towards the opponent goal, because a hasty shot or a wrong pass can be fatal, since the goalkeeper will be out of his goal.”

Advantages of the 3×2 System

  • A numerical advantage is created when attacking;
  • Enables the creation of clear finishing opportunities.

Disadvantages of the 3×2 System

  • There is a great risk of suffering a counterattack goal, as the goalkeeper is out of his goal;
  • The team can play with a non-specialist goalkeeper.



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