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Volleyball Tactical Systems

Sistemas Táticos do Voleibol
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VOLLEYBALL TACTICAL SYSTEMS

The main Volleyball Tactical Systems are the 6×0, the 4×2 and the 5×1 system, however, there are important variations between them that we will explain to you in this content.

Understand which systems are most suitable for beginner teams, which systems are for more trained teams and learn about the positioning and movement of all Volleyball Tactical Systems. Follow along!

WHAT ARE THE TACTICAL SYSTEMS OF VOLLEYBALL?

The main Volleyball tactical systems are the 6×0, the 4×2 and the 5×1 system.

Understand which systems are best suited for initiation, which are used in high level teams, and get to know the positioning and team movements of these diverse tactical systems.

SYSTEM 6X0

The 6×0 tactical system is used in volleyball initiation, especially for children up to 12 years old or for people who have never had contact with volleyball.

FEATURES OS THE 6×0 SYSTEM

  • There are no players specialized in a role;
  • All players are receivers, setters, and spikers;
  • Normally, the player occupying position 3 (middle front) will be the setter;
  • The other 5 players will be in charge of reception and attack.

POSITIONING IN A 6×0 SYSTEM

Volleyball Tactical Systems 6x0

In a 6×0 system, the team will have 5 players composing the reception and then the attack and one player at a time will be the setter.

TEAM MOVEMENTS IN A 6×0 SYSTEM

Being a system used in volleyball initiation, this system has no infiltrations or complex movements as in the 5×1 system or the 4×2 system.

A Volleyball team that plays in the 6×0 system basically respects the rotation positions, and one player as the setter, another 5 players will be in charge of reception and attack.

Once this system is focused on every player being able to perform every role, and in this way developing all the fundamentals, the use of the libero is not common, although it is allowed.

6×0 SYSTEM WITH INFILTRATION IN VOLLEYBALL

The 6×0 System with infiltration in Volleyball is a tactical system used in sports initiation into Volleyball and which allows teaching the important “infiltration” movement of the Volleyball Setter.

The 6×0 System with infiltration is a great option for beginner teams that can already rotate and can learn the Setter’s infiltration movement.

Volleyball’s 6×0 system with infiltration is also called the 6×6 system with infiltration.

CHARACTERISTICS OF THE 6xO SYSTEM WITH INFILTRATION IN VOLLEYBALL

  • There are no players specialized in one role;
  • All players are passers, Setters and attackers;
  • In this system, the player who occupies position 1 in the rotation will be the team’s Setter, he will infiltrate to make the distribution every time his team is receiving the Service.
  • With the infiltration of the player in position 1 to make the distribution, the team can count on the three players who occupy the attacking zone to make an attack.

POSITIONING IN THE 6×0 SYSTEM WITH INFILTRATION

6x0 System with infiltration in Volleyball

A Volleyball team in the 6×0 System with infiltration will have five players to receive the Service and Attack, with the exception of the player who occupies position 1 in the rotation, as this will be the team’s Setter and will infiltrate into the attacking zone to receive the pass and make the distribution.

The team must receive the Service with five players, being the players in positions 4, 5, 6, 3 and 2.

ATTENTION! There is no Libero in the 6×0 System with Volleyball infiltration, as there are also no specialist players by role in this game system.

ADVANTAGES OF THE 6X0 SYSTEM WITH INFILTRATION

  • Start teaching the Setter infiltration movement, which is widely used in the 5×1 system.
  • It allows the team to have the three players who are in the attacking zone in the rotation, available to attack.

MOVEMENT IN THE 6×0 SYSTEM WITH INFILTRATION IN VOLLEYBALL

The great innovation of the 6×0 system with infiltration is exactly the infiltration movement of the player in position 1, who becomes the team’s Setter when receiving the Service.

It is worth noting that the 6×0 system with infiltration continues to be a system without specialist players by role, that is, there is no fixed Setter, what happens is that every player who occupies position 1, during the reception of Service from his team , it must infiltrate to make the distribution. The position player, in this system, must never participate in receiving the Service.

SYSTEM 4×2 BASIC

The 4×2 basic system is a more advanced tactical system compared to the 6×0, as there are players specializing in certain functions.

FEATURES OF THE 4×2 BASIC SYSTEM

  • There are specialized players (roles);
  • There are 4 spikers and 2 setters;

POSITIONING OF 4×2 BASIC SYSTEM

Volleyball 4x2 Tactical System

In a 4×2 basic system, the team will have 5 players composing the reception and 4 spikers.

The setters will always be positioned in a diagonal to each other on the court.

The front-row setter will be responsible for setting.

The back-row setter will compose the reception, but will not attack.

The remaining four players are outside hitters and will compose the reception and attack systems.

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The use of a libero is not common in this system, although it is allowed.

TEAM MOVEMENTS IN A 4×2 BASIC SYSTEM

Team movements Volleyball 4x2 Tactical System

In the 4×2 basic system, there are some moves to adopt the position of the player on the court to the function in which he is specialized, but there is no need for moves with infiltration.

Basically, when the front-row setter is not in position 3 (middle front), he will switch positions with the spikers, after the opponent’s service.

In this way, the setter position himself the most appropriate court position for setting, and the outside hitters to perform the reception and the attack. ass and attack.

Remembering that the front-row setter should not compose the reception.

4×2 SYSTEM WITH VOLLEYBALL INFILTRATION

Volleyball ‘s 4×2 System with infiltration is a more advanced tactical system compared to the simple 4×2 System, as, in addition to having players specialized in certain functions on the court, it also presents more complex movements, infiltrations.

CHARACTERISTICS OF THE 4×2 SYSTEM WITH INFILTRATION

  • There are players specialized by role;
  • There are 4 Forwards and 2 Setters;
  • The Setter who is in becomes a Striker;
  • The Setter at the back of the court will not participate in receiving the Service and will infiltrate to make the distribution;
  • The team will always have 3 Attackers on the net (two Pointers and the Setter).

POSITIONING IN THE 4×2 SYSTEM WITH INFILTRATION

A Volleyball team using the 4×2 Tactical System with infiltration may receive the opposing Service with 3 or 2 players.

If receiving with just 2 players, this role will fall to the two Pointers who are at the back of the court (defensive zone).

If the team receives with 3 players, one of the Pointers who is in the net (attack zone) will move back to participate in the reception along with the two Pointers who are at the back of the court.

Please note that the Setter at the back of the court will not participate in receiving the Service, he will only infiltrate to make the distribution.

There is no Libero in the 4×2 Volleyball System.

MOVEMENT IN THE 4×2 SYSTEM WITH INFILTRATION

Volleyball 's 4x2 System with infiltration

In the 4×2 System with Volleyball infiltration, some movements already take place to adapt the player’s position on the court to the role in which he is specialized, including infiltration by the Setter who is at the back of the court.

The main movement of the 4×2 System with infiltration is the infiltration of the Setter who is at the back of the court to make the distribution.

Remembering that in this Volleyball game system the Setter who is at the net becomes the team’s third attacker, with the Setter at the bottom being responsible for the distribution.

ATTACANT SETTER

For the success of the 4×2 System with infiltration, it is important that Setters are good attackers, as this is what makes this system more efficient.

SYSTEM 5×1

The 5×1 Volleyball tactical system is a very advanced, used by well-trained teams and professional teams.

The 5×1 System is the most widely used tactical system in the world.

FEATURES OF THE 5×1 SYSTEM

  • All players are specialists in a particular role;
  • There is 1 setter;
  • 1 Opposite (attack specialist);
  • 2 Outside Hitters (reception and attack specialists);
  • 2 Middle blockers (fast attack, through the middle and block specialists);
  • Used by very well trained and professional teams;
  • Not suitable for beginner teams;
  • Almost always uses a libero (reception and defense specialist)

POSITIONING IN A 5×1 SYSTEM

Positioning in Volleyball 5x1 System

The positioning of players in the 5×1 System always follows the logic of diagonal relation of the players (see image above).

  • The setter always is in a diagonal if the opposite;
  • The middle blocker is always in a diagonal with another middle blocker, and in the back-row usually these players are replaced by the libero;
  • The outside hitters are always in a diagonal to each other.

TEAM MOVEMENTS IN A 5×1 SYSTEM

In a 5×1 system, a team need to make complex changes of position after the service, giving the possibility to each player to perform in a zone where he is most specialized.

  • In the 5×1 System the service is usually received by 3 players: the Libero and the 2 outside hitters.
  • The setter and opposite should never participate in the reception system, so they should be isolated from it.
  • The back-row middle blocker is usually replaced by the libero.

In the image bellow, one example of positioning changes. (after the service)

Team movements in a 5x1 System

TEAM MOVEMENTS IN A 5×1 SYSTEM

  • The opposite is hidden of reception, behind the outside hitter;
  • The outside hitter who is in the center of the net (position 3) goes back to position 5, to compose the reception; to make the pass along with the other Pointer and the Libero;
  • The setter moves to the right side of the net (position 2);
  • The middle blocker moves to the center of the net.

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